On November 19, 1915, Captain Benjamin Foulois, commander of the 1st Aero Squadron, and five pilots
left Fort Sill, Oklahoma for a new flying field at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. It was the first time
in the squadron’s two-and-a-half year history they moved their aircraft from one location to another
by air. The squadron was the only organized flying unit in the US Army.
After spending the night in Wichita Falls, the squadron arrived over Fort Worth during the morning of
November 20 and landed in John Ryan’s pasture south of downtown. Lt Carlton Chapman flying the
newest airplane, Serial No. 53, was the first to land and became the first military aviator to arrive in
Fort Worth. Within 10 minutes, the remaining five aircraft had landed. Over 3,000 people were on
hand to witness the event. Mayor E. T. Tyra formally welcomed the squadron and later hosted an
informal luncheon at the Metropolitan Hotel.
In the evening, the six pilots were guests at a banquet hosted by the Fort Worth Chamber of
Commerce for about 100 leading citizens and the entire city commission. In his remarks to the guests,
Captain Foulois recounted his seven-year struggle to develop aviation in the Army and reflected on the
war which had been raging in Europe for the past 15 months.
“I started to work in the flying game in 1908 and set my heart upon making it my life’s work. I
was sent to San Antonio in 1909 with the only machine the United States government then
possessed. I was to teach myself to fly and was allowed $150 a year for the upkeep of the
machine, including repairs, new parts and fuel. During that year I spent $300 out of my own
It is appalling to think that the entire aviation force of the United States Army is represented
here tonight with but six aviators. A total of 53 aeroplanes have been bought by the United
States during these seven years. More than that number are being built each day in Europe.
We have only 25 air pilots in the United States Army today out of a standing army of 80,000
For the next two days, Fort Worth was host to the entire “combat aviation” force of the United States.
Thousands of people visited their encampment each day. On the morning of November 22, over
10,000 people were in John Ryan’s pasture to watch the squadron fly on to Waco.
In less than two years, the skies over Fort Worth would be filled with hundreds of military aircraft each
day operating from three flying training fields around the city.
Today, John Ryan’s pasture is the Ryan Place Neighborhood.
(1) “Aerial Age Weekly” – December 6, 1915 issue